Since winning that competition, she has built an international following as a gay icon, going on tour and appearing at gay pride events around the world. In some parts of Eastern Europe, however, particularly in Russia, she is seen by many as a symbol of West European decadence and decline.
In the statement on Instagram, Mr. Neuwirth said he had been receiving treatment for H.I.V. for many years, and that his virus levels were now undetectable. H.I.V. can be treated with drugs that reduce the viral load to a level where the immune system is healthy and the patient cannot pass on the virus.
“I hope to show courage and take another step against the stigmatization of people with H.I.V.,” he added.
Wolfgang Wilhelm, president of AIDS Hilfe Wien, an organization in Vienna that campaigns for people with H.I.V. and AIDS, said, “That the outing of Conchita was caused by blackmailing shows how much people still fear discrimination and stigma.”
“Zero discrimination is what the global H.I.V. community is fighting for,” he added. “This is still one of the most ambitious targets to reach.”